The risk of loosing its core and profitable customer base greatly offset the short term (financial) benefits.In the last article in the luxury branding series I will review a brand management book that provides detailed guidelines on how to manage a luxury brand.Various methods have been devised to determine this initial or common Pb, but all involve making unprovable assumptions.Zircon does incorporate initial Pb when it crystallizes. It cannot be proven that the Pb in apparently cogenetic U- or Th-free minerals is only initial Pb, and that it is identical to the initial Pb in the mineral being dated.Nor can the measured Pb isotope ratios be used to somehow decide what proportions of them are the initial Pb without recourse to unprovable assumptions about the mineral or rock’s history or their interpreted U-Th-Pb ages within an assumed deep time history.Nevertheless, the ultimate foundation of this U-Pb dating methodology is the assumption that the earth formed from the solar nebula.Once radioactive decay of U and Th started after creation, daughter Pb isotopes were added inside the earth.
Its rejection is recognized as fatal to the earth’s claimed age of billions of years.
“At next week’s New York Auto Show, Hyundai will spotlight the 2014 Equus, the mid-cycle update of its premium-luxury sedan.
The sedan will compete with high-end makes, such as the Mercedes-Benz S-Class and BMW 7-Series.” Did you notice the dash between the words “premium” and “luxury”?
There is also primordial Pb that the earth acquired when it formed, its isotopic composition determined as that of troilite in the Canyon Diablo iron meteorite.
Subsequently new crustal rocks formed via partial melts from the mantle.